1) Anthrax are an American, New York City-based thrash metal band, who released their first full-length album in 1984. The band was one of the most popular bands of the 80s thrash metal scene and are notable for combining metal with rap and hardcore music early on. The band has sold over 10 million albums worldwide, and are classified as one of the ''big four'' of thrash metal bands alongside Metallica, Slayer, and Megadeth. Anthrax were formed in 1981 by guitarists Scott Ian and bassist Danny Lilker. They found the band's name in a biology textbook and claimed it because it sounded sufficiently evil to them. Nowadays Anthrax consists of these members: Joey Belladonna on lead vocals, Charlie Benante on drums, guitarists Scott Ian and Jonathan Donais, and Frank Bello playing the bass.
In 1985 Joey Belladonna joined Anthrax, and in the same year, the band released their second studio album Spreading the Disease (which included the hit Madhouse). In 1987, Anthrax released their third album, Among the Living. This album began a lyrical trend that focused on movies, comic books, and Stephen King novels. For example, the song I Am the Law is a tribute to comic book hero Judge Dredd.
In 1990, Anthrax released the more serious Persistence of Time to even greater success than State of Euphoria. The album was considerably darker but much more technical and progressive than Anthrax's previous work. This made it a hit with metalheads who were afraid to embrace the band because of their "silly" side. The biggest single off the album was a cover of Joe Jackson's Got the Time. The band's own original song In My World as well as Belly of the Beast were also successful. Anthrax was always a band prone to experimentation; in 1987, they appeared on the title track of rap group U.T.F.O.'s album Lethal. In 1991, they collaborated with pioneering rap artists Public Enemy on a joint version of PE's "Bring the Noise", although Anthrax already did a fusion of rap and heavy metal in the form of "I'm the Man" in 1987.
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